It’s important for diabetics to keep blood glucose (blood sugar) in the target range suggested by experts. You can talk to your physician about what your targeted goal should be. Carbohydrates, proteins and fat should be a carefully considered part of your diet.
Recommended carbohydrates include bran, oats, apples, citrus, berries, peaches, pears, plums, avocados, beans, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, carrots, celery, cucumbers, onions, lettuce, mushrooms, olives, peas, peppers, spinach and tomatoes. Carbohydrates to avoid include sugarcoated breakfast cereals, white bread, cake, bagels, muffins, pancakes, donuts, and rice (both brown and white). You should also avoid potatoes and parsnips. Your best bet is to avoid processed foods whenever possible.
Protein is recommended for the amino acids it contains; it’s important for healthy muscles and bone health. Protein sources suitable for diabetics include beans, lentils, millet, soybeans, Brazil nuts, peanuts, pine nuts, free range skinless chicken and turkey, lean cuts of meat (beef, lamb, pork and veal) and free ranged chicken eggs. Do not consume eggs from duck or geese.
Diabetics should consume food that is high in unsaturated fat, which is mainly found in vegetable oil, fish oil, nuts and seeds.
Food that contains saturated fats, such as red meat, lard and whole milk dairy, should be used sparingly. Avoid foods high in trans fat ,such as hydrogenated vegetable oil. It’s acceptable for a diabetic to use pure olive oil, sesame oil, soybean oil, sunflower oil and avocado oil; nuts, seeds, and oily fishes such as salmon, mackerel, tuna and herring are also acceptable choices. Use the following fats sparingly: whole milk, butter, cream, cheese, whole milk yogurt, ice cream and coconut oil. Limit or avoid sweets, especially those with fat (some which also fall under the “carbohydrate” category) such as cakes, biscuits, fried foods and hard margarine.
If you want to have an alcoholic drink, discuss with your physician.