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Diet And Weight Loss > Diet Plans A-Z > Bariatric Surgery

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Gastric bypass surgery is a surgical method that can lead to dramatic weight loss. It has become hugely popular over the past decade.

  • In 2005, over 170,000 people in the United States had the surgery.
  • Despite its popularity, it’s generally considered only as a last resort for individuals who are severely overweight, and when other weight loss methods have not worked.

A doctor must determine whether an individual is a candidate for the surgery, which involves sectioning off a part of the stomach and attaching the small intestine to the smaller part of the stomach so the individual can no longer eat as much food or absorb as many calories from the foods they do eat.

Surgeons often require patients to follow strict dietary guidelines before and after the surgery. This is because the surgery on its own is not a complete weight loss solution.

Individuals who have the surgery still must change their eating habits and address issues such as emotional eating. If people who have the surgery continue to overeat, their stomach can expand, and they can still gain weight. In addition to a weight loss plan and emotional support, patients must also follow up with their doctors to avoid complications from surgery.

Pros:

Gastric bypass surgery can be a positive weight loss solution because it results in rapid weight loss, and patients continue to lose weight for up to two years after surgery. Many patients are able to keep the weight off over time and change their eating habits for the better. The weight loss can also improve obesity-related conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, or sleep disorders.

Cons:

As with any major surgeries, there is a possibility of complications that can lead to even more surgeries and subsequent health problems. Some patients develop gallstones and nutritional deficiencies such as anemia or osteoporosis, but these conditions can be avoided with vitamins or other supplements.

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